To fulfill my commitment to the University of Cincinnati Linear B project begun last summer, I spent three weeks at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece. I used AMEC’s portable X-Ray fluorescence (pXRF) spectrometer to determine the chemical make-up of the clays from which the Linear B tablets and sealings were fashioned. While there, I worked with Dr. Dimitri Nakassis, who is the project director, and Dr. Joann Gulizio, who determined the fabric type of each tablet.
Before I began at the museum, I spent the last week of the excavation season at the Iklaina Archaeological Project (IKAP) near Pylos, in the Peloponnese. My purpose there was to take pXRF readings on sherds that had previously been analyzed by ICP-MS. These analyses will be compared in an effort to determine the accuracy of pXRF technology and its feasibility in making quick and accurate non-destructive assays. Analyzing a sherd is shown below:
While working at the lab, based in Pylos, I also analyzed figurines and building materials discovered at Iklaina. I toured the Iklaina site (below) while the President of Greece visited. Dr. Michael Cosmopoulos is the director of the project.
I also had the opportunity to work with Dr. Sharon Stocker at the museum in Hora. She had lithic samples that she needed to make determinations of as to whether they were chert or obsidian. This required two days, but with the correct settings and calibration, the analyses were made.
The Palace of Nestor site has been closed for two years while the cover was replaced. The site was opened just in time for me to tour it before leaving for Athens. The Archives Complex rooms where most of the tablets were found are shown in the photo:
The National Archaeological Museum in Athens is home to the tablets and sealings that were recovered during the excavations at the Palace site near Pylos. During the three-week project at the museum, I analyzed over 500 of the remaining tablets that were not analyzed last summer. In addition, I analyzed another hundred or so with a different calibration that checks heavier elements. The following photos show samples of the page-shaped and leaf-shaped tablets and the sealings.
We were visited in the museum basement by the Minister of Culture, who was very interested in the scientific methods we were using. In this photo, Dr. Nakassis is explaining our equipment to a museum official and to the Minister.
As interesting as the work was, not all was work. I took the opportunity to visit the island of Hydra, below:
Archaeology MA student